Shortly after single mother of two Alison Mendez moved into northeast Wilmington’s Riverside neighborhood five years ago, there was a shooting right behind her home.
“It scared me and my kids,” Mendez said. “But today, it’s changed.”
She spoke before a crowd of some 300 community members, among them leaders in government, business, nonprofit, and philanthropy.
They gathered in Riverside for a ribbon-cutting event to celebrate the phase one completion of Imani Village, a mixed-income family rental community designed to disrupt the cycle of urban poverty.
“It takes a village to raise a child,” Herring said. “You put both of them together and what do we have? Imani Village.”
The affordable housing project is just one component of The WRK Group’s master plan for Riverside. It envisions a purpose-built community focused on three pillars: redevelopment, education, and community health.
By investing in the community holistically, project leaders hope to give residents opportunities to build generational wealth that allow them to escape the cycle of poverty.
Riverside sits between Route 13 and Interstate 495 in northeast Wilmington. 70% of children in the community live beneath the poverty line and 41% of adult residents haven’t graduated high school.
One-third of the community’s 3,000 residents live in public housing and the median household income is $9,277 per year — about seven times less than the national average.
Many of Tuesday’s speakers grew up in the neighborhood and spoke of their desire as children to “get out” and make something of themselves.
Once The WRK Group’s vision is achieved, Herring and others hope Riverside won’t be a place to escape, but rather a place to thrive.
“We are providing ‘hand-ups’ and not handouts,” said Charlie McDowell, board director of REACH Riverside.
The plan includes 600 mixed-income housing units, community health clinics, private school education at EastSide Charter School, and activities for children that offer meaningful alternatives to crime.
It’s a level of investment the community has never seen — something Attorney General Kathy Jennings called “the antidote” to decades of redlining and discrimination.
“Everyone deserves access to safe, affordable housing. It is a basic human right,” Jennings said. “But all too often in our state and in our country, it has been denied to people.”
According to The WRK Group, Riverside was originally built to create an affordable neighborhood for white veterans returning home from World War II.
The GI bill, which helped returning veterans obtain mortgages and eventually develop generational wealth, didn’t necessarily extend to returning Black veterans.
Though the bill helped white Americans prosper and accumulate wealth in the postwar years, it didn’t deliver on that promise for veterans of color, according to The WRK Group.
As a result, white veterans and their families were able to leave the Riverside neighborhood as they pursued the “American Dream” and life in the suburbs. The mass exodus would come to be known as “White Flight.”
As subsidized housing became available, low- to moderate-income Black Americans began to move into Riverside, but the neighborhood didn’t receive the same level of investment or resources as predominantly white communities. Many banks refused to offer mortgages and loans for homes and businesses in Riverside.
The WRK Group hopes that by creating a well-resourced community that residents are proud to live in, the first steps can be taken to end intergenerational poverty, reduce crime, and offer an alternative to failing public schools.
Tuesday’s ribbon-cutting marked the completion of the project’s first phase, which includes 74 one, two, three, and four-bedroom apartment homes.
The majority of new apartments are affordable at a variety of income tiers with apartments set aside for seniors, veterans, and individuals with disabilities.
Of the 74 apartments, 15 will not have income restrictions.
Apartments feature modern kitchens, in-unit washer and dryer, spacious closets, vinyl kitchen flooring, ceramic-tiled baths, and central air conditioning. Units are pet friendly, with restrictions. In addition to rent, residents are responsible for paying for gas, electricity, and cable.
Residents will enjoy a community center, on-site management and maintenance, business center, community garden, tot lot, and gazebo.
All residents will have access to on-site supportive services.
New Castle County Executive Matt Meyer, a former educator, said the purpose-built community will be well suited to meet the specific needs of inner-city children.
“I went into teaching because I wanted to make a difference, as is true of many teachers,” Meyer said, “and you learn pretty quickly that standing up and teaching ‘y=mx+b’ and ‘slope=rise/run’… isn’t necessarily what all of these kids need.”
Wilmington City Councilman James Spadola, R-At Large, previously served as director of the Wilmington Housing Authority.
When the plans to revitalize Riverside were just beginning to come together, Spadola said there were a lot of doubters.
“We started having some meetings and we told the residents about the positive change coming and they would say, ‘we don’t believe you,’” Spadola said.
“I would tell them, ‘no no, no, this is different this time, the mayor’s team is on board, the federal delegation is on board, the state delegation is on board,’ and they would say, ‘we don’t believe you.’ Yet here we are today, after a pandemic, inflation, and supply chain issues. Look at what’s behind us.”
The project benefitted from $26.4 million in COVID relief funds allocated by Gov. John Carney, $10 million from the General Assembly’s 2022 Bond Bill, $10 million from Delaware’s federal delegation, and millions more in low-interest loans from the Delaware Housing Authority.
According to McDowell, $224 million more was raised from corporations, nonprofits, and individual donors.
That sped up the timeline significantly, said Timothy Henkel, president of Pennrose, the developer behind Imani Village.
“This was originally contemplated as an eight-phase project,” Henkel said. “Through the hard work of many, this is now a six-phase project. It didn’t get smaller — it just got faster.”
Phase 1 was financed through an allocation of Low Income Housing Tax Credits from the Delaware State Housing Authority, which also contributed construction and permanent debt.
The tax credits are being purchased by Cinnaire, who also provided permanent financing.
Wilmington Housing Authority, REACH Riverside, the City of Wilmington, the County of New Castle and M&T Bank also provided financing.
Project leaders aim to raise $177 million more toward the remaining phases.
Click here to learn more about Imani Village, REACH Riverside, and the WRK Group.
New residents are being given $250 Target gift cards to help cover moving expenses. To donate any amount, text IMANI to 50155.
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